virtual worlds 2009

Biodiversity

cat January 6th, 2017 by Virtual Keeper

BIODIVERSITY INVENTORIES For Graciela F.B. Tonin, October of 2011. Summary of LEWINSOHN, Thomas M. Sketch of an Including Strategy of Inventories of Biodiversity. In: GARAY, I.; DAYS, B. (orgs) Conservation of Biodiversity in Tropical Ecosystems: conceptual advances and revision of new methodologies of evaluation and monitoramento. Petrpolis: Publishing company Voices, 2001. p.376-384.

Some consideraes must be made on Biodiversity or Biological Diversity, since it is a recent term and sufficiently spread out in the technician-scientific scene. This text sketches strategies for the integration of the biological inventories in order to contemplate the multiplicity of tasks assumed for signatory countries in the Convention on Biological Diversity. According to Decree n 2519, of 16 of March of 1998 apud LEWINSOHN (2001, P. 377) Biodiversity is ' ' the variety of organisms livings creature of all the origins, understanding, amongst others, terrestrial ecosystems, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of that they are part; understanding still the species diversity inside, between species and of ecossistemas' '. The species diversity inside can be understood as ' ' assignment of the genetic diversity; but it must include the diversity of ectipos, the ecological and/or genetic differentiation of populations equally that inhabit distinct regions or environments e, thus, for diante' ' (LEWINSOHN, 2001, p.377). The part most problematic of this definition is the ecosystem diversity.

As GASTON apud LEWINSOHN (2001, p.377) points, it has doubts on if this assigns diversity of habitats or if it also involves the energy flows that are important in the ecosystem notion. Thomas Lewinsohn (2001, P. 379) considers a conceptual model of biodiversity based on three dimensions: genes, species and ecosystems. These dimensions are not independent between itself; the biodiversity agreement depends of the interconnection of the information of diversity of genes, species and ecosystems. Therefore, a complete inventory will offer measured of genetic diversity of all the populations, of all the species, in all the ecosystem compartments. However, this exhausting inventory is always impracticable. Valley the penalty then, to rationalize the carried through inventories bringing two consequences: the exploitation most effective of resources of the work of field and the fast production of results for conservation, handling and exploitation of biodiversity. (LEWINSOHN, 2001, P. 380) the basic concept of this strategy was defined by LEWINSOHN (2001, P. 380): One is about in such a way secionar the total volume for plans and combinations that let us can get estimates for the total structure of biodiversity through a combination of interpolations. The factor most critical to advance in this direction is the accomplishment of inventories samples that offer simultaneous information of different axles of variation. The interchange of information is the starting point for any initiative; this says respect to the contact between geneticistas, taxonomistas, ecologists or specialists in system of geographic information, that even so limited will have to produce the opportunism, the comparabilidade of results, the convergence for common areas of work and the joint planning. (LEWINSOHN, 2001, P. 382) For the real knowledge of biodiversity an integration of these involved areas is necessary, initiating with planning of the research, becoming necessary that it advances in all the dimensions. As &#039 is mentioned to LEWINSOHN (2001, P. 384); ' integrated inquiry of these dimensions it allows to surpass the inherent limitations to the prompt and separate description of each aspect of biodiversidade' ' ; understanding its structure organizacional and the processes keep that it, we will be able to foresee its behavior in future scenes.

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So Paulo Sidewalk

cat December 27th, 2016 by Virtual Keeper

The sidewalk of the So Paulo Avenue they had been remodelled recently, in 2008. The pisos in concrete had substituted the existing Portuguese mosaic previously, facilitating sufficiently the circulation. The tteis pisos had been installed correctly in its majority, as well as the passage unevennesses. For sidewalk area to be sufficiently wide, is interesting to have a directional floor during all its extension, therefore thus the deficient appearance does not lose the reference. The width of the stroll also made possible that the movable were installed in the service bands, having opened the circulaes and preventing accidents. The reform followed the lines of direction of the Decree n 45,904/05 that it mentions to the standardization and conservation of the public strolls, in the city of So Paulo.

The main objectives of the decree are to improve the urban landscape, the accessibility, the rescue of the public stroll for the sidewalk and the socialization of the public spaces. Cartilha also exists one called Free Stroll, where the proposal of the decree is placed in didactic way and with illustrations that facilitate the interpretation. For the current legislation of the city, the proprietor of the property or land is responsible for the construction and maintenance of its sidewalk, however the program established routes strategical of accessibility where the sidewalk it was or she will be standardized with public resources, and the So Paulo Avenue is one of these places. 9 Image 4: Person in chair of wheels Source: Personal quantity Image 5: Access to the Station Brigadier General Fonte: Personal quantity In some points in specific, where already the reform had some type of maintenance after, exists pisos installed tteis of incorrect or missing form, and still it has points where open or covered holes exist provisorily, that they can cause accidents. It is very common to find pieces of tteis pisos of alert lacking, that they had been completed with directional floor, or directional pisos installed in the wrong position.

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Vera Mendel

cat June 4th, 2016 by Virtual Keeper

This reflection inspires the change of attitudes in the daily one, resulting in the conservation of the environment (NAESS, 1999). Leonardo Boff, in Knowing To take care of: Ethics of Human being-Compassion for the Land, go more far when it affirms that ' ' everything starts with the feeling. It is the feeling that makes in them sensible what it is to our return, that makes in them to like or to displease. It is the feeling that joins in them to the things and it involves in them with visits, strolls, tracks and excursions in conserved areas) and the refusal (the traumatic shock episode of cesium in Goinia, rationing of energy, floodings for accumulation of garbage etc.). Soul synthecizes its thought regarding> ambient awareness, affirming that ' ' we do not obtain to teach to the people the love to the life with economic arguments and logical reasoning.

The awareness depends on a feeling of communion with the nature. To love it, a direct contact, a foot in the track, the walked one in parks, the put-do-sun in the square is necessary. It does not have arguments that they substitute the direct experience with the world natural' ' (SOUL, 1999). But only the information knowledge is capable to produce changes of behavior in relation to the half-environment? For Vera Mendel, not. It affirms that ' ' the knowledge of an ambient problem is necessary condition, but not enough for the change of values that light to the sprouting of positive attitudes, unchaining the creation of an ecological conscience.

That is, the cognitivo domain linearly does not result in changes comportamentais' ' (MANDEL, 2000). Therefore, if the attitudes are unchained by feelings and knowledge, she is clear the necessity of if working the sensitization in set with the information and the action. It is not treated to opt to one of these, but to all, and the all time.

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Solar Energy

cat December 21st, 2014 by Virtual Keeper

The characteristic dasprincipais of our society, the least under a vistaprtico point and material, is the increase each bigger time of the demand for abastecimentoenergtico. Read additional details here: Naveen Selvadurai. The solar energy is one of the energy alternatives more promissorasdo new millenium, it is inexhaustible in the terrestrial scale of time, as much comofonte of light and heat. The Sun is renewable power plant, and the seuaproveitamento in such a way as heat source how much of light, she is one of the alternativasenergticas most promising for the future. The solar energy is important napreservao of the environment, therefore it has many advantages on other sources deenergia, as not to be pollutant. It has time not if it found that the combustveisfossis would not be depleted, but this reality already comes moving.

Characteristic dasprincipais of our society, the least under a vistaprtico point and material, each bigger time of the demand for abastecimentoenergtico is the increase. This is the condition for the existence of our industry, nossosmeios of transports and even though agriculture and the urban life. At last, it is acondio for the existence of our society we know as it, is to impossvelimaginar in a society without energy is it which will be, or better, that origin this energy has, that is, aenergia is of essential importance. Words key: energy, inexhaustible society and. The solar energy, as the proper name says, is the energy generated for the Sun, uma source of inexhaustible exploitation in the terrestrial scale of time, tantocomo source of light heat how much. Per many years the humanity survived combase in the manual and animal work. The first inanimate power plants, as hydraulical wheels and mills of wind, had meant a importanteincremento quantitative of the regimen of work. It is from the energy of the Sun that if of a evaporation, origin of the cycle dasguas, that it makes possible the represamento and the consequent generation of electricity (hidroeletricidade).

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Research Subject

cat January 16th, 2014 by Virtual Keeper

Justificativa of the Choice of the Subject) Is lived currently in a world pautado for the advance of knowledge and technologies that have had significant impact, as much in the forms of social convivncia, how much in the organization of the economy, of the work, in the exercise of the citizenship and, mainly, in the relations with the nature. b) The main difficulties presented for the professors are mainly proceeding from the lack of pedagogical formation in a more including perspective. Not they show homogeneity in the treated subjects, nor interaction with the great subjects of the society. The absence of actualizado didactic material is recognized therefore, specific didactic books and paradidticos of ambient education for basic education, it is noticed predominance of traditional procedures with trend for that they count on the participation of the pupil of passive form. In turn necessary if it makes the implementation of practical pedagogical innovators in ambient education. It is in this context that the present work if finds seats, where if objetive also to underline the paper of the professor in the construction of a pupil with a critical position ahead of the reality, the information and values propagated for the media and of those brought of house.

Such attitude must actuar of continuous form in the development of the maturity, and of a continuous ambient awareness in the process of exchange of experience and learning it stops in the end moving the creation of conditions for the perpetuation of the life in the planet. 1.3.Problematizao In recent years we have folloied an increasing increase of the quarrels around ambient subjects. Speeches of different levels and boardings are stimulated in the most diverse groups of formal and not formal education.

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Conscience

cat January 16th, 2013 by Virtual Keeper

To recycle the organic garbage is an intelligent attitude ecologically correct, therefore it collaborates for the fast return of the organic substance to the ground. 2,9 Conscience and Action to improve the quality of life and the environment, all we – the population, the governments, the institutions you publish and private? we need acquiring knowledge in them of the questions related to the garbage. It is necessary to take attitudes that diminish the volume of the garbage and favor the treatments adequate. In this direction, the society can pressure the government to implant and to fiscalize measured come back to the protection of the environment and the health of the population. But it also has some things that can be practised in day-by-day: Not to play garbage in beaches and the streets.

When it will be the beach, has taken a plastic bag to collect the garbage; later bag in a street collector plays. Everything that will be played in the street can be dragged for culverts. If to be obstructed, the culverts leave to drain the water of rain and cause floods. It outside does not play old clothes, toys and utensils that still could be reaproveitados. It uses the blank side of papers to make rough drafts, notations, etc.? It separates glasses, periodicals, cans and packings of paper to give to the catadores of street, if it will not have selective collection in the city. CONCLUSION We conclude the following article through bibliographical research, being necessary the collection of data for the best understanding of the subject that was boarded. The garbage possesss much importance for the continuity of the life, the recycling is a factor that contributes not only for the man more mainly for the nature. To play outside objects that would delay years to putrefy themselves in the environment is an awareness lack, the great companies could adopt methods for the reaproveitamento of what they play in closed rivers and environment.

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